1. Mildretta Adams, Historic Silver City, The Story of the Owyhees (Owyhee Publishing Co., Inc. 1969), 10.

2. Helen Nettleton, Sketches of Owyhee County (Schwartz Printing Co., Nampa, Idaho 1978), 27.

3. Susan Paolella letter to the author dated November 12, 1999.

4. Oregon Historical Quarterly, Golden Gate to Columbia River on the Bark Keoka: Isaac A. Flints's Journal (Oregon Historical Society, 1962), 41.

5. Email letter to the author, Donald Schell, dated December 30, 2000.

6. Telephone conversation, Susan Paollelo, January 7, 2001.

7. Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California Vol. IV (San Francisco, The History Publishers, 1890), 579.

8. Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California Vol. IV (San Francisco, The History Publishers, 1890), 578.

9. Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California Vol. IV (San Francisco, The History Publishers, 1890), 708.

10. James Clyman, Journal of a Mountain Man (Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula, 1984), 222.

Robert M. Utley, A Life Wild and Perilous (A John Macrae Book Henry Hold and Company, New York, 1997), 187-89.

11. Susan Paolella letter.

12. Author's note. The time frame probably was earlier as Purdy is not included in the Cooper household for the 1850 California Census.

13. Email letter from Donald Schell dated January 2, 2001.

14. Email letter from Donald Schell dated December 3, 2000.

15. Email letter from Donald Schell dated January 21, 2001.

16. Julian Hawthorne, History of Washington The Evergreen State From Early Dawn to Daylight (American Historical Publishing Company, 1893), 574.

17. A History of Josephine County Oregon, (The Josephine County Historical Society, 1988), 114.

18. George M. Martin, Paul Schafer, and William E. Scofield, Yakima A Centennial Reflection 1885 - 1985 (The Yakima Centennial Commission, 1985), 17 - 23.

19. Kittatas Localizer, June 29, 1889.

20. Church Aided By Will of Pioneer, Unknown newspaper article.

21. Email letter from Dick Busic of the Northwest Christian College, January 30, 2001.